Category: bzznplwquuif

Barca look to put European exit behind them in Cup final

first_img0Shares0000Ernesto Valverde’s Barcelona face Sevilla in the Copa del Rey final in Madrid on Saturday © AFP / LLUIS GENEBARCELONA, Spain, Apr 20 – Barcelona coach Ernesto Valverde knows victory in Saturday’s Copa del Rey final against Sevilla would go some small way towards making up for the disappointment of their recent Champions League exit.“After a big defeat we want a big victory. We have the opportunity to put that little disappointment behind us,” Valverde said at a press conference on the eve of the game, which will be played at Atletico Madrid’s Wanda Metropolitano stadium. Barca are hoping to lift one piece of silverware this weekend before going on to secure the Spanish league title — they can still complete the entire La Liga season unbeaten.But their domestic success so far this season has been overshadowed by the nature of their Champions League exit. They lost to Roma in the quarter-finals on away goals, capitulating 3-0 in Italy after a 4-1 win at home in the first leg.Barcelona have won the Copa del Rey in each of the last three seasons, including defeating Sevilla 2-0 after extra-time in Madrid in 2016.“It would be something significant for the club because they have won this final in recent years and it is not an easy thing to do,” said Valverde.The last team to win the Cup four seasons running was Athletic Bilbao in the early 1930s.A victory for the Catalans would set them up nicely for their next La Liga outing, when a victory at Deportivo La Coruna would secure the title. That is if they are not crowned champions on Sunday, which will be the case if Betis win away to Atletico.“In La Liga we have five ‘match balls’ left and we just need to take one of them, but we will try to do it as soon as possible,” added Valverde, although he had a warning for his side ahead of Saturday’s final.“We have still not won anything yet. The title is still up for grabs. We were also favourites (against Roma) and we got knocked out. We need to take the final step.”0Shares0000(Visited 1 times, 1 visits today)last_img read more

Benzema stars as Madrid put five past limp Leganes

first_img0Shares0000Karim Benzema went off to a standing ovation during Real Madrid’s 5-0 win over Leganes in La Liga on Wednesday. © AFP / OSCAR DEL POZOMADRID, Spain, Oct 31 – Real Madrid registered their biggest win since Zinedine Zidane’s return as coach on Wednesday as they demolished struggling Leganes 5-0 to move up to second in La Liga.Karim Benzema was the star of the show, the Frenchman rounding off a superb attacking display with a goal from the penalty spot after Rodrygo, Toni Kroos and another spot-kick from Sergio Ramos had already put Leganes out of sight. Luka Jovic added a fifth in injury-time. “We have not scored five goals for a long time,” said Zidane. “We needed a victory like that. When you start scoring goals, it makes everything easier.”Gareth Bale was absent as he continues to recover from a calf injury but Madrid hardly missed the Welshman, whose future has again been up for discussion this week after he was pictured returning to London.Zidane said he has spoken to Bale and saw him in the changing room at the Santiago Bernabeu. He was also asked if Bale had permission to leave the game five minutes before full-time. “I think so,” Zidane said. “If he leaves five minutes before the game finishes, he can get home more easily.”Zidane had struck a conciliatory tone on Tuesday too but Bale’s team-mates flourished in his absence, albeit against a limp Leganes side, who remain rooted to the bottom of the table after sacking their coach Mauricio Pellegrino last week.This was not a performance to recommend caretaker manager Luis Cembranos for the job long-term.Yet there were some impressive Madrid showings nonetheless, not least from Benzema, who has been Zidane’s most consistent performer by far in recent months and now has seven goals already in all competitions.“It’s not just the goal, it’s what he does for the team,” Zidane said. “He doesn’t surprise me.”Rodrygo, the 18-year-old making only his fourth senior appearance, came into Bale’s position on the right and, particularly in the first half, he shone, grabbing an early goal and providing the frightening turn of pace that Bale once offered before injuries took their toll.“He is 18 but you don’t have to be old to score here,” Zidane said. “He has character and he is getting better and better.”Perhaps the only question mark was Eden Hazard, who still appears short of his best in a Madrid shirt.There were glimpses of the Belgian’s undeniable brilliance but moments of indecision too, that suggest he is finding his feet, and fitness, at his new club.Madrid’s victory keeps them just a point behind Barcelona, who thrashed Real Valladolid on Tuesday, and pushes them one ahead of Atletico, with a game in hand over their city rivals.Two goals arrived in the seventh and eight minutes and Benzema provided each of them, first keeping alive Hazard’s cross for Rodrygo to poke home before teeing up Kroos to flick in at the near post.Leganes looked jaded, without belief or direction, and they fell three down before the interval as Hazard was fouled by Juan Soriano after a superb through ball from Casemiro.Ramos missed the penalty but was given a second attempt, VAR prompting a re-take for the first time in La Liga after Soriano sprung off his line too early. This time, Ramos made no mistake.Benzema had hit the post after a smart dummy from Hazard before finally he got the goal he deserved after Luka Modric earned a spot-kick with a slick turn around Kenneth Omeruo. Benzema converted and then departed to a standing ovation.Jovic was his replacement and after having one goal ruled out for offside the Serbian also made his mark. Dani Carvajal’s cross offered up a simple header to make it five.0Shares0000(Visited 12 times, 1 visits today)last_img read more

PICTURE SPECIAL: MY SISTER’S WARDROBE IS READY FOR MASSIVE TWO-DAY SALE

first_imgPicture Special: Some of the images above are the designer labels available to purchase at My Sister’s Wardrobe massive two-day sale at An Grianan Hotel, Burt.Prices have been slashed and there has been reductions on all items, it’s the perfect opportunity for you to pick up some top of the range designer clothing on the cheap.The event will last over two-days so you’ll have plenty of time to visit the exhibition which is being held in the beautiful An Grianan Hotel, Burt. My Sister’s Wardrobe will have the pre-loved designer mother of the bride and groom outfits on display.While they’ll also have occasional wear and designer casuals that cater for all ages and sizes.As stated above there is massive discounts across the range, so you’d be mad to get there this weekend and snap up some designer clothes for half the price.It’s the best way to ditch those January blues, so make sure and get down to My Sister’s Wardrobe this Saturday and Sunday at An Grianan Hotel, Burt.  PICTURE SPECIAL: MY SISTER’S WARDROBE IS READY FOR MASSIVE TWO-DAY SALE was last modified: January 23rd, 2015 by Mark ForkerShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:BusinessFeaturesMy Sister’s Wardrobenewspicture specialSALElast_img read more

DONEGAL CHIROPRACTOR TO BE SENTENCED FOR ATTACK ON EX-GIRLFRIEND

first_imgA Donegal chiropractor climbed through the window of his ex-girlfriend’s home, dragged her up the stairs and then assaulted her.Kevin Ginty, 46, from Letterkenny, is to be sentenced for the assault next week.Helen McEvily, 33, was at home after a night out when Ginty climbed in through her sitting room window. She managed to leave the house and call the gardaí.Sergeant Martin Finnan revealed the victim was making her way to a neighbour’s house and was on the phone again to local gardaí when the line went dead.Ginty then wrapped his arm around her neck and dragged her back into the house.He put the woman at the bottom of the stairs and struck her head off the bottom step before dragging her up to her bedroom.The gardaí called her phone again but Ginty took it, impersonated a woman’s voice and told officers the victim was at a disco.The Irish Independent reports that Sgt Finnan said Ginty then left the house and she called the gardaí again. When officers arrived at Ms McEvily’s home, Ginty drove up to the house and was arrested for drink driving.Ms McEvily was left with bruising to her inner arm, upper and lower back and buttocks. There were also abrasions on her breast and chest area and scratches to her left ankle and sole of her left foot.Ginty of St Columbas Terrace, Letterkenny, pleaded guilty to burglary and assault at the woman’s home on April 4, 2010. He has one previous minor conviction as well as the drink driving offence at the woman’s home.Ms McEvily read her victim impact report in which she stated that a part of her did not survive that night.“I am not the same mother, I am not the same sister,” she said, adding that she has had to attend counselling. She said she has trouble sleeping at night and feels paranoid about any noise or movements.Ms McEvily said everything in her life now revolves around the fact that she was attacked.“I can barely remember what it is to have a normal life. It is easier to accept how my life is now rather than continuing to fight to try and get back to a person that no longer exists,” the woman continued.She said she has since moved house and has installed personal alarms in her new home.“This has incident has prevented me moving on with my life, to me I am no longer living, I survive,” Ms McEvily said.Sgt Finnan agreed with Gerard Clarke SC, defending that Ms McEvily took out a restraining order on Ginty to prevent him from going near her home or workplace and from contacting her in anyway.He accepted that Ginty has “operated under this restriction” and that his client is “under no illusion” that their relationship is over and he is no longer welcome in her house.Sgt Finnan accepted that the Ginty and Ms McEvily had been in an “on and off” sexual relationship since October 2007 and had sex two days before he broke into her home.He further accepted that Ms McEvily told another prosecuting garda, Detective Garda Martin Mannion, that when Ginty brought her into her bedroom, he lay down on the bed beside her, she screamed for help and he left.Mr Clarke told Mr Justice Paul Carney that his client came from a highly respected and well regarded family in Letterkenny.Mr Justice Carney remanded Ginty in custody and adjourned the case to next Monday for sentence.Ms McEvily sent Ginty a text message the following day and told him that she had called her sister the previous night and she had heard everything he had said to her.She went to a house party that night and got a taxi back to her home at 2.30am. She was about to go to bed when Ginty climbed in through the sitting room.DONEGAL CHIROPRACTOR TO BE SENTENCED FOR ATTACK ON EX-GIRLFRIEND was last modified: July 15th, 2013 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:assaultchiropractorKevin Gintyletterkennylast_img read more

Rashford will be glad he doesn’t play in Italy following player’s ban for diving

first_imgKevin Strootman has been banned for two games for diving against Lazio to win a penalty in Roma’s 3-1 derby defeat on Sunday.The midfielder fell under a non-existent challenge from Wallace, with Daniele De Rossi converting the spot kick to make it 1-1. It means Strootman will miss the games against Milan and Juventus.A statement from Serie A confirmed the player’s ‘seriously unsportsmanlike conduct’ would result in the suspension.On the same day as Strootman was awarded a penalty against Lazio, Marcus Rashford was criticised for a similar incident in Manchester United’s draw with Swansea, though the England international will not face a retrospective punishment.FANS OUTRAGED BY MARCUS RASHFORD ‘DIVE’ AGAINST SWANSEAlast_img read more

Business Process Buzzwords — Now SOA 2.0

first_imgThe emergence of Web Services over the last six years has formed the foundation for SOA (Service Oriented Architecture).  And with Web Services, a special set of jargon and acronyms have grown up.  There are the Web Service protocol names like SOAP (Simple Object Access Protocol — a successor of XML RPC) and REST (Representational State Transfer), and the Web Service method definitions as contained in WSDL (Web Services Description Languages).  Microsoft has an extension to WSDL to include business process information called XLANG.In the world of SOA business process workflow coordination, BPEL has gained acceptance.  BPEL manages high-level workflow process state transitions.SOA has been around already for a few years now, so it seems only natural, for good or bad, that things will continue to change and evolve.  This last week Oracle introduced a new suite of tools for EDA (Event Driven Architecture).  Oracle and Gartner have coined a new term for an ‘event-driven’ SOA architecture: SOA 2.0.  In effect, Oracle is saying that EDA + SOA = SOA 2.0.While some commentators have said SOA 2.0 is ‘marketing fluff’, or crazy because architectural designs don’t have version numbers, or even have started petitions against it, SOA 2.0 does have merit. The complaints of SOA 2.0 seem to have more to do about the acronym rather than the actual approach.  The name seems to have been inspired by the ‘Web 2.0’ name, but people feel that Oracle has hijacked the generic architecture of SOA and is branding it with an Oracle spin.But looking beyond the naming controversy, SOA 2.0 defines how events and services can provide a more flexible and responsive enterprise IT infrastructure. While ‘standard SOA’ doesn’t preclude the use of event-driven applications, the new SOA 2.0 approach calls out their importance.With their announcement of SOA 2.0, Oracle now ships a complete middleware stack with new components like their Enterprise Service Bus to route events, a Business Rules engine for defining policies, and an Activity Monitor to analyze events.  The EDA pieces supplement Oracle’s already existing SOA offerings which include BPEL and developer tools for integrating processes and creating Web Services.At Formtek we applaud Oracle for the work that they’ve done in this area.  As of late they’ve adopted a standards approach to their new product development and that approach seems to be working well.  As an Oracle partner, we at Formtek are excited about being able to provide this new set of capabilities to our customers. The acronyms and names associated with business process optimization continue to evolve.  There was BPR and Workflow, then SOA and Web Services, and now SOA 2.0 with events?The late 80’s to the mid-90’s saw the rise of BPR (Business Process Reengineering).  Then the idea was that in order to keep pace with a world where the markets and technology are changing so rapidly, company cultures also need to be ever-changing.  In 1990 Hammer and Champy‘s book “Reengineering the Corporation” coined the acronym BPR and ignited the popularity of this approach to business.  In the mid-90’s, Formtek teamed with Regis McKenna to create seminars that detailed how companies can achieve the benefits offered by BPR.BPR led to more business thinking that sought to better coordinate processes throughout the enterprise, like the concept of creating an EA (Enterprise Architecture).  EA tries to use IT to optimize business processes.last_img read more

How to Use the VR Comp Editor in After Effects with 360° Video

first_imgIn this video tutorial, check out how you can use the VR Comp Editor in Adobe After Effects — including free 360° footage.One of the new feature additions to After Effects CC 2018 was the VR Comp Editor. However, because it is somewhat hidden, you may not have realized this powerful 360 plugin is even available in After Effects.(Hint: In After Effects, click on the Window option at top, then scroll all the way down to “VR Comp Editor.jsx” to launch the plugin.)Ready? Let’s dive into the tutorial. (Make sure you download the free 360° footage clips to follow along!) Download the FREE 360 Video FootageDownload Now!Right off the bat, let’s backtrack for a second because you may already know the VR Comp Editor by its previous name: “SkyBox Composer.” SkyBox Composer was one of a company called Mettle’s latest 360 plugins, just before Adobe acquired all of the SkyBox 360 Effects. The plugin is now the “VR Comp Editor.”You still might be wondering “What makes the VR Comp Editor so great?” For starters, you can use the VR Comp Editor to edit your 360° footage from a Point of View (POV) perspective. This allows you to add elements or remove objects much like you would for traditional “flat” footage. (So you don’t need to be well-versed in 360° footage to easily make changes.)Next, because you can edit from a POV perspective, we can stabilize and track 360 video, all directly in After Effects. You no longer have to worry about endlessly trying to level moving 360° footage. Now it’s as easy to stabilize 360° footage as it is any other video clip in After Effects. You can also add 3D layers like text and float them through your 360 scene as the camera moves. 5 Brands That Raised the Bar for Virtual Reality ContentHow to Use the Free GoPro VR Effects in Premiere ProNew 360 Video Effects in After Effects and Premiere Pro CC 2018last_img read more

Multiplexes not to screen ‘Padmaavat’ in 4 States tomorrow as protests continue

first_imgA security man stands at the entrance of a multiplex next to signs which say they will not be screening “Padmaavat” in Ahmadabad on Wednesday.  | Photo Credit: AP  “For us safety of patrons is important. Depending on the scenario, we will see if the atmosphere is safe, then we will play it (in these four states). Things could change (but) at the moment we are looking at safety of people,” Deepak Asher, president of the association, told PTI.Even in the states where the film would be released, private security guards would be deployed outside cinema halls besides police, he said.Karni Sena warns of ‘Janta curfew’Lokendra Singh Kalvi, the chief patron of right-wing outfit Shree Rajput Karni Sena, on Wednesday, announced that a ‘Janta curfew’ will be imposed on theatres screening the movie. “Those who watched the film on the invitation by the censor board few days back have said that there is a dream sequence between Alauddin Khilji and Rani Padmavati in the film. We have been demanding that there should be no dream sequence and no romantic scene between the two,” he said.Members of the Karni Sena damaged windows of two Rajasthan roadways buses and blocked a road in Kalwar area in Jaipur. “One bus was on its way to New Delhi from Sikar and the second was coming from New Delhi. Windows of the buses were damaged but there was no report of any injury,” said a policeman of Neema Ka Thana Police Station in Sikar district.SP Jalore Vikas Kumar said nearly 50 people assembled in Bagoda for protests, prompting the authorities to seal a few areas in the town. “People have been demonstrating against the film. But the situation is peaceful now,” Mr. Kumar said.In Chittorgarh, a few women were prevented from entering Chittor Fort for holding a protest, Deputy SP Gajendara Singh said.Bus torched in HaryanaA Haryana Roadways bus was set on fire in Bhondsi village allegedly by Karni Sena activists. A police official in Gurugram said there was no loss of life in the incident.Prohibitory orders have been imposed in Gurugram as a precautionary measure, though no incident of violence were reported in the city on Wednesday.  Hundreds of Karni Sena supporters staged protests near the Khidki- Daula toll plaza on the Delhi-Jaipur National Highway. Police removed the agitators from the scene and ensured ssmooth flow of traffic.Meanwhile, rumours spread across Gurugram that pubs and bars have been asked to shut down from Wednesday evening. The Gurugram Police rubbished these reports as rumours and informed through their twitter handle that educational institutions and offices will work as usual tomorrow.Protests in LucknowIn Lucknow, Rajput groups protested near near malls and theatres. A number of activists of the Karni Sena staged protests outside two malls in Gomti Nagar area. The police used mild force to disperse protesters gathered outside Gomti Nagar police station after a few activists were detained.“The security around cinema halls have been increased. We will not let anyone take law in his hand,” a senior police official said. An alert has been sounded and all the district police chiefs have been asked to remain vigilant across Uttar Pradesh.NH-3 blocked brieflyProtests spread to Madhya Pradesh too where as many as 200 activists belonging to various fringe outfits blocked National Highway-3, which links Agra with Mumbai, near Pigdambar crossing in Kishanganj area in Indore district and broke glass bottles on the road.Heated arguments ensued between the protesters, who included members of Karni Sena, and the police when the Rajput group members tried to stop vehicles as part of their protest.Around 50 Karni Sena activists armed with sticks burnt an effigy of Bhansali on Indore-Depalpur road, police said. A police officer said the road was cleared after the protesters were given a warning.Agitations were also carried out in Sagar, Guna, Bhopal, Ratlam and other towns in Madhya Pradesh against the movie.Theatre vandalised in JammuA group of men protesting against the movie vandalised a cinema theatre on Canal Road in Jammu and even tried to set it on fire.The protesters broke furniture and other fixtures and lit the fire before theatre staff and onlookers doused the flames. Police chased away the mob. Karni Sena members burn an effigy at Beawar in Rajasthan on Wednesday.  | Photo Credit: PTI As violent protests against the release of film Padmaavat continued on Wednesday, the Multiplex Association of India said its members would not screen the period drama in Rajasthan, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh and Goa.The decision of the association, which represents about 75 per cent of the multiplex owners in the country, came as Rajput outfits and other fringe elements vandalised malls, burned vehicles, and issued open threats to theatre owners and public in their bid to stall its release, claiming distortion of history.Earlier in the day, theatre owners in Gujarat said ‘Padmaavat’ will not be screened in any of the multiplexes or single screens in the State till the row over the film is resolved, even as police arrested 50 people in connection with the violence outside malls in Ahmedabad last night.The Gujarat Multiplex Owners Association said the decision has been taken for the safety of customers as well as to save their property.last_img read more

Cop shoots self at Republic Day function in Punjab

first_imgA 44-year-old police constable shot himself dead with his AK-47 rifle during Republic Day function at a government senior secondary school in Jagraon, 45 km from Ludhiana.Manjit Singh died on the spot, police said. The constable was deputed as gunman of the Jagraon City police station SHO. The constable was depressed because of some family problems, police said. They said investigations were in progress. The body has been sent to a civil hospital for post- mortem, they said.last_img

How reliable is eyewitness testimony? Scientists weigh in

first_imgThe victim peers across the courtroom, points at a man sitting next to a defense lawyer, and confidently says, “That’s him!”Such moments have a powerful sway on jurors who decide the fate of thousands of people every day in criminal cases. But how reliable is eyewitness testimony? A new report concludes that the use of eyewitness accounts need tighter control, and among its recommendations is a call for a more scientific approach to how eyewitnesses identify suspects during the classic police lineup.For decades, researchers have been trying to nail down what influences eyewitness testimony and how much confidence to place in it. After a year of sifting through the scientific evidence, a committee of psychologists and criminologists organized by the U.S. National Research Council (NRC) has now gingerly weighed in. “This is a serious issue with major implications for our justice system,” says committee member Elizabeth Phelps, a psychologist at New York University in New York City. Their 2 October report, Identifying the Culprit: Assessing Eyewitness Identification, is likely to change the way that criminal cases are prosecuted, says Elizabeth Loftus, a psychologist at the University of California, Irvine, who was an external reviewer of the report.Sign up for our daily newsletterGet more great content like this delivered right to you!Country *AfghanistanAland IslandsAlbaniaAlgeriaAndorraAngolaAnguillaAntarcticaAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaArmeniaArubaAustraliaAustriaAzerbaijanBahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBelizeBeninBermudaBhutanBolivia, Plurinational State ofBonaire, Sint Eustatius and SabaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswanaBouvet IslandBrazilBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryBrunei DarussalamBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCambodiaCameroonCanadaCape VerdeCayman IslandsCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaChristmas IslandCocos (Keeling) IslandsColombiaComorosCongoCongo, The Democratic Republic of theCook IslandsCosta RicaCote D’IvoireCroatiaCubaCuraçaoCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEritreaEstoniaEthiopiaFalkland Islands (Malvinas)Faroe IslandsFijiFinlandFranceFrench GuianaFrench PolynesiaFrench Southern TerritoriesGabonGambiaGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGibraltarGreeceGreenlandGrenadaGuadeloupeGuatemalaGuernseyGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHeard Island and Mcdonald IslandsHoly See (Vatican City State)HondurasHong KongHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIran, Islamic Republic ofIraqIrelandIsle of ManIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJerseyJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiKorea, Democratic People’s Republic ofKorea, Republic ofKuwaitKyrgyzstanLao People’s Democratic RepublicLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyan Arab JamahiriyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacaoMacedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic ofMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMaliMaltaMartiniqueMauritaniaMauritiusMayotteMexicoMoldova, Republic ofMonacoMongoliaMontenegroMontserratMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNamibiaNauruNepalNetherlandsNew CaledoniaNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNiueNorfolk IslandNorwayOmanPakistanPalestinianPanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruPhilippinesPitcairnPolandPortugalQatarReunionRomaniaRussian FederationRWANDASaint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da CunhaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint Martin (French part)Saint Pierre and MiquelonSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSamoaSan MarinoSao Tome and PrincipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSint Maarten (Dutch part)SlovakiaSloveniaSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth SudanSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSvalbard and Jan MayenSwazilandSwedenSwitzerlandSyrian Arab RepublicTaiwanTajikistanTanzania, United Republic ofThailandTimor-LesteTogoTokelauTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTurks and Caicos IslandsTuvaluUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomUnited StatesUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVenezuela, Bolivarian Republic ofVietnamVirgin Islands, BritishWallis and FutunaWestern SaharaYemenZambiaZimbabweI also wish to receive emails from AAAS/Science and Science advertisers, including information on products, services and special offers which may include but are not limited to news, careers information & upcoming events.Required fields are included by an asterisk(*)As Loftus puts it, “just because someone says something confidently doesn’t mean it’s true.” Jurors can’t help but find an eyewitness’s confidence compelling, even though experiments have shown that a person’s confidence in their own memory is sometimes undiminished even in the face of evidence that their memory of an event is false.The procedures of a criminal investigation can even distort eyewitness recall. The classic example is the lineup: The witness is asked to pick out the perpetrator from a group of similar-looking people. But the police detectives who organize the lineup are usually the same ones who have identified or caught the prime suspect, making them invested in the eyewitness selecting their choice. “They can’t help but drop little cues,” Loftus says. A detective might smile, grunt, or nod approvingly when a suspect is chosen. “Witnesses pick up on it.” More insidiously, police interrogators can unconsciously coach people into having false memories, a problem revealed in the 1990s in research by Loftus and others.So why is NRC weighing in now? For one thing, the Laura and John Arnold Foundation provided the National Academies a $333,000 grant last year to undertake the study. But it would have happened sooner or later, Loftus says, given the increasing number of people convicted with eyewitness testimony who have been subsequently exonerated by DNA evidence. Some 75% of the wrongful convictions for rape and murder, including a number that led to people being scheduled for execution, were based on eyewitness testimony.For some of the scientific controversies surrounding eyewitness accounts, the new report withholds judgment. For example, the traditional police lineup can be performed in one of two ways: The witness can be shown people sequentially, or all of them at once. The goal is to minimize bias, but scientists disagree on which approach is better—or if it matters at all. The report calls this debate “unresolved.”One thing the report comes out solidly in favor of is treating the lineup as a double-blind scientific experiment—neither the witness nor the presiding officer should know in advance whether the suspect is in the lineup. “Double-blinding is central to the scientific method because it minimizes the risk that experimenters might inadvertently bias the outcome of their research, finding only what they expected to find,” the report concludes. But it leaves the question of exactly how police departments should implement double-blind lineups unanswered.”The best way is with a computer system,” Loftus says, with no police officers present to influence the witness. The computer would run the lineup all on its own, choosing similar-looking people from a large database of photos. Computerizing lineups may be expensive and complicated, but considering “the damage to those innocent people’s lives, and the huge cost of compensations,” Loftus says, “that’s the future.”last_img read more

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